• Sandy Kurniajati Lecture at STIKES RS Baptis Kediri
  • Diana Puspandari undergraduate at STIKES RS Baptis Kediri
Keywords: Joint Pain, Warm Compress, Elderly


Elderly experience changes in joint flexibility, causing pain (Azizah, 2011). Nonpharmacological
measures to overcome pain in the elderly with warm compresses (Wahit,
2015). The purpose of this study is to analyze the Effectiveness of Warm Compresses on
Joint Pain in the Elderly. Study design with a literature review of researchers that used
pre-post design with the Bourbanis pain scale. Population of articles from research
journals from 2010 to 2020. The inclusion criteria in this study were published by the
Open Access Journal system, journal manuscripts consisting of abstracts and full text,
Indonesian language articles or English journals from Indonesia indexed by Google
scholar 1,770 data and SINTA 20 data. The number of references used is 8 articles. Data
identification through PICO (Population, Intervening, Comparison, and Outcome)
approaches. The results showed that the elderly had joint pain with an average on a scale
of 4.66. (Moderate degree of pain).Joint pain after giving a warm compress with an
average pain of 2.35 (mild pain). Giving warm compresses was proven effective in
reducing joint pain with an average statistical test results p = 0.001 with all Wilcoxon
statistical test results below α = 0.05, with an average reduction of 2.31. It was concluded
that warm compresses are effective in reducing joint pain in the elderly, so that the
administration of warm compresses can be given as a non-pharmacological treatment for
elderly joint pain.